By Ahmet T. Kuru
Why do secular states pursue various rules towards faith? This publication offers a generalizable argument in regards to the effect of ideological struggles at the public coverage making strategy, in addition to a state-religion regimes index of 197 international locations. extra in particular, it analyzes why American country regulations are mostly tolerant of faith, while French and Turkish rules in general limit its public visibility, as noticeable of their bans on Muslim headscarves. within the usa, the dominant ideology is "passive secularism," which calls for the nation to play a passive function, through permitting public visibility of faith. Dominant ideology in France and Turkey is "assertive secularism," which calls for that the kingdom play an assertive function in aside from faith from the general public sphere. Passive and assertive secularism grew to become dominant in those instances via definite old strategies, really the presence or absence of an ancien régime in response to the wedding among monarchy and hegemonic faith in the course of state-building classes.
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